The toilet is working everyday of the year, even if you are unaware of it.
Yes, that’s right the toilet is always working. The toilet tank is made up of various components that allow water to fill, water to pass, and water to stay.
Toilet Fill Valve
The various components direct water to fill the tank with water and is known as the fill valve. The component used in the toilet tank that controls the level of water that the fill valve allows to enter is known as a float and connects to the fill valve.
Older toilets utilized a float that consisted of a metal rod with a metal or plastic ball fixed to the end of the rod that pushed a button at the top of the fill valve to open and close the fill valve. The fill valve also contains a device known as a vacuum breaker that prevents the water from being siphoned from the toilet tank back into the potable water system and is above the water level in the toilet tank.
The component that serves as a form of tank overflow is know as the trap primer. The trap primer tube is connected to the fill valve and allows water to fill the trap while the tank is filling. This component also acts as a vent to allow air to enter the flush valve as the toilet flushes. The component that is used to flush the toilet is the same component that acts a vent.
The device that directs the proper amount of water to travel from the tank to the bowl is known as the flapper. The flapper is designed to follow the water down as it drains into the bowl and close the flush valve. As the water from the toilet tank fills the toilet bowl the toilet flushes and all the water in the bowl drains or leaves the toilet bowl.
Slow Flushing Toilets
Slow flushing toilets can be a result of mineral build up in the toilet bowl and the passages that allow water and air to travel.
Clogging toilets can be a result of worn trap ways and even build up in the toilet trap way that reduces the size of the trap way.
Better or Worse Toilets
The differences between toilets making them better or worse is the diameter of the trap way. The bigger the trap diameter the more likely your stool will make it through. Most toilets have glazed trap ways to provide a smooth surface for the solids to slide through, how ever small trap ways allow you stool to sand the glazing off after years of different stool rubbing their way through the trap. Larger poops require larger traps to pass through, however that is not how toilets are sold. Most cheap toilets are trap sizes 2” and the more expensive toilets are 2 1/8” trap way. The larger trap way allows for a better experience from your toilet and are less likely to clog due to large loads. Also, the movement of the water through the bowl as Kohler calls Class 5 or Toto Tornado more effective flushing systems.
Flush System Type
Flush system refers to the type and size of the flush valve. These higher quality toilets also have larger flush valves to allow water to move through much faster at a larger volume than the older toilets do. The dual flush toilets reduce the amount of water that is flushed by controlling the flush valve flapper to allow less water to pass through to the bowl.
Low Consumption Toilets
Low consumption toilets work better than older toilets because the water moves from the tank to the bowl pushing the waste though the trap way faster and at a larger volume. Toilets with smaller flush valve start to have problems because the water does not move through the toilet as efficiently as before. The years of mineral build up slows the water causing weak flush. The glazing begins to wear off and the toilet begins to clog after years of use.
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